ESS & MAX IV
THE EUROPEAN SPALLATION SOURCE (ESS)
ESS is one of the largest science infrastructure projects being built in Europe today. Designed to generate neutron beams for science, ESS will benefit a broad range of research, from life science to engineering materials, from heritage conservation to magnetism.
The facility design includes a 5 MW linear proton accelerator, a rotating tungsten target station, 22 state-of-the-art neutron instruments, a suite of laboratories, and a supercomputing data management and software centre.
Organized as a European Research Infrastructure Consortium, or ERIC, with Member Countries throughout Europe, this next-generation research facility is being built through the collective global effort of hundreds of scientists and engineers.
Between 2,000 and 3,000 guest researchers from universities, institutes and companies from all over the world will every year use the broad spectrum of scientific instruments to carry out experiments not possible today.
ESS will provide the tools for analysis that will enable the next important discoveries in nanotechnology, life science, pharmaceuticals, materials engineering, and experimental physics.
It is understood that ESS, both through the research that will be performed there and the establishment of the facility itself, will serve as an economic driver for all of Europe.
ESS is expected to deliver its first neutrons by the end of the decade, with the user program to follow in 2023.
MAX IV LABORATORY
MAX IV Laboratory has operated successfully for more than 30 years and is currently commissioning the new MAX IV synchrotron facility in Lund.
Fully developed it will receive more than 2 000 scientists annually, from Sweden and the rest of the world. They will do research in areas such as materials science, structural biology, chemistry and nanotechnology. 200 people are currently employed at the MAX IV Laboratory.
MAX IV is the largest and most ambitious Swedish investment in national research infrastructure. It is the brightest source of x-rays worldwide when inaugurated in June 2016. MAX IV Laboratory is hosted by Lund University.